A CITY GATE
Most Ancient Cities relied on gates for protection this one "Herod's Gate" is one old city of Jerusalem and dates back to the time of the crusades it is decorated in this photo for the New Years Celebration.
A TRIUMPHAL ARCH
A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, in theory built to celebrate a victory in war, actually used to celebrate a ruler. The classical triumphal arch is a free-standing structure, quite separate from city gates or walls, but the form is often used in engaged arches as well. In its simplest form a triumphal arch consists of two massive piers connected by an arch, crowned with a flat superstructure or attic on which a statue might be mounted or which bears commemorative inscriptions. The structure should be decorated with carvings, notably including "Victories", winged female figures (very similar to angels), a pair of which typically occupy the curved triangles beside the top of the arch curve. More elaborate triumphal arches have flanking subsidiary archways, typically a pair.
THE BASILICA OF THE AGONY
The Basilica of Agony was built on the site of the garden of Gethsemane where Jesus prayed before His trial and eventual Crucifixion some of the Olive trees to the left may have even existed at the time of Jesus.
The church is built on the lower western foothills of Mount of Olives, facing the old city of Jerusalem, on the eastern side of Kidron valley. Its name (Gat Shemanim - means in Hebrew: oil press) came from the olive press that was used to process the olives.
The church is located on the junction of 3 roads - to the old city via Lions gate, the road up Mount Olives, and the road to Jericho.
Jesus was Crucified at Golgotha "Skull Hill" a possible location of Golgotha is Gordna's Calvary where the features of a Skull are clearly visible in the Cliffs face
Calvary (Golgotha) is the English-language name given to the site, outside of Ancient Jerusalem’s early 1st century walls, of Jesus’ crucifixion. The exact location is handed down from antiquity. Although the significance of the name is lost to modernity, Calvariae Locus in Latin, Κρανιου Τοπος (Kraniou Topos) in Greek, and Gûlgaltâ in Aramaic all denote 'place of [the] skull.' In some Christian and Jewish traditions, the name refers to the location of the skull of Adam. The word "Calvary" comes from "Calvariae" in the Latin Vulgate.